Sharply-dressed contestants in hallways stand, gesture and rehearse their presentation before no one in particular. Chanhassen High School's central commons is filled with the energy of people who have completed a round of presentations three months in the making. A special kind of spring is in the air--- it's the Minnesota State High School League's Class A High School Speech Tournament.
Speakers talented and skilled enough to make it to state have given their particular presentation up to 100 times, with 40 to 50 of them occurring in ten, 3-round regular season meets, a sub-sectional and a sectional competitions. A participant generally selects and prepares a speech from just one of 13 different categories, each with its own set of ground rules:
|1. Creative Expression: W||8. Informative Speaking: W|
|2. Discussion: NW||9. Original Oratory: W|
|3. Duo Interpretation: NW||10. Serious Drama Interpretation: NW|
|4. Extemporaneous Reading :NW||11. Serious Poetry Interpretation: NW|
|5. Extemporaneous Speaking :NW||12. Serious Prose Interpretation: NW|
|6. Great Speeches: W||13. Storytelling: NW|
|7. Humorous Interpretation: NW|
For the Class A State Tournament, 24 different speakers begin in each of the categories. A third of those will make the finals, with places being determined from a Finals round. Just like the students who give the speeches, judges, too, have their favorite categories. As noted in the 13 types of speeches listed above, each category is further expressed as a "writing" or a "non-writing" category, which factors into whether a particular subject is "cut out" for her or him. Ultimately, speakers need craft a piece that not only speaks to them, but to an audience as well.
After all the shaping & evaluating applied to the presentations of these state tournament speakers during the season, you can be assured their work will resonate. Listening to them will be its own reward.
In fact, the "slate of eight" in the Original Oratory category was so persuasive, a content recap of them is included here for you. Presentational deliveries by the students were crisp, clear, and commanding.
Here are the rules of Original Oratory: A speaker delivers his or her own persuasive composition, the makeup of which can only be 10% quoted material. Not concerned with solving the great problems of the day, this presentational form is meant to supply an insight or guidance.
1. Digital Devices & Effects on Sleep: Angela leads off with this statistical whopper: 90% of teens have cellphones, and an astonishing 60% of them frequently stay up late to text. This practice has many harmful effects, most of which relate to a lack of sleep. The lighting display of the message is bright enough to effect circadian rhythm, by impacting the retina for 1 hour after exposure. Checking email is equal to taking a double shot of espresso. Obesity increases due to drop in appetite-regulating hormone, and concentration is a challenge.
2. Vaccine War: America's Fight Against Science: Brendan framed his work around this salient statistic-- 25% of Americans believe thymerosol creates autism, despite this being disproven by science. This is the primary cause behind an "anti-vaccination" movement in the U.S.-- which is also bolstered by the view that people have seen no outbreaks from diseases like polio since the 1950s, so why worry? Disease rates in some areas are reaching 1800s level proportions, as many people disregard scientific fact, and misread the concept of risk. Currently, there are only 10 different vaccinations required, while many medical experts believe that any one person could handle up to 10,000, if they had to.
3. Our Sister's Keeper: Despite the courageous work of a Human Rights team and folks like Mozdah Jamalzadah-- the Oprah of Kabul, Afghanistan-- Nicole points out that women are still not equal in that country. The speaker lays out the situation-dependent relationships the US has had with the Afghans. After the Soviet Union invaded the country in 1979, the U.S. provided the Stinger to insurgent forces in 1988. In the vacuum that ensued, the Taliban took control in 1998, creating turmoil and a set of continuing abuses. Even today, only 18% of women in the country can read or write.
Concluding admonitions: to "look upon Afghanistan's women as a reflection of our past selves" and to serve as our brothers' and our sisters' keepers.
4. Echo Chambers: Carl provided a much-needed lecture for any increasingly modernized culture: Be careful that media technology is not something that keeps you in a like-minded bubble and away from situations that allow for spontaneous interaction. While technology is meant to open up the world, too often it intensifies a barrier against being exposed to different ideologies, news, people and ideas. Through things like Amazon, Facebook, and Tivo, unexpected topics are often filtered away.
Many practice little to no critical thinking. This social malady breeds overconfidence, extremism, and contempt for others.
We insulate ourselves from opinions that might wobble our soapboxes. Our opinions should not be immovable objects.
5. Nursery University: Begun in Manhattan, there's a concerning education movement afoot in Shelby's view : Parents are feeling the need to getting kids into premiere educational institutions in their preschool years, paying the equivalent of a year's college tuition to get them into the preschool of their choice. Speaker questions whether these placements are truly critical for future success, as trends toward earlier competitiveness intensify. The pattern is exacerbating educational inequalities.
Such parents might reexamine their educational priorities and let kids be kids.
|The commons is abuzz between rounds of the MSHSL State Speech Tournament.|
A definitive conclusion:
"If we are to keep our position as a world leader, we need to take the time to get a deeper understanding of that world."
7. Direct Election Dreams: Isaiah would like to see a one person, one vote voting system in America. Our electoral system, the result of a political compromise over a 200 years ago, has had devastating effects on politics and is detrimental to our election process. Five Presidents from Jefferson to Bush have taken office without a majority of the popular vote.
Through it's "winner take all" effect, it distances too many people from the voting process. The electoral college doesn't allow third-party candidates to compete. As support, Isaiah provides the statistic that nationally in 1908, voter participation stood at 60%, while in 2008, that figure was just 41%.
Big backers of the notion include 1962 US Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren and John B Anderson who wrote "The Electoral College Should be Abolished."
8. I Kinda Maybe Sorta Like You
We aren't committing ourselves to quality, direct, or sincere communication posited Priyanka. Instead of expressing our thoughts and feelings, we are repressing them. We are not always honest, for fear of being insensitive to others. Being too nice/too caring can be counterproductive, and the thought of rejection keeps us imprisoned from addressing important situations.
A galvanizing 2009 statistic suggests that 67% of us either don't express what's on our mind or we "change" our minds to agree with everyone else.
There are worse feelings out there than "rejection" and "regret" is one of them.
So polished and so convincing are each of the Class A's Great 8 Original Orators in the final round of the tournament.
A person can't help but believe the future will be brighter when these people are in positions of leadership.
Read about the State's First 4-time champion in the informative speech category and the overall 2011 State Speech Tournament Recap. The first is under the "John's Journal" tab at the linked page.